Ruth Dwyer is an art historian (Ph.D Univ. of Toronto) and a Visiting Scholar in the Dept. of History of Science at Harvard, working with Dr. Sara Schechner and Dr. Mark Schiefsky. Her research concerns the art and architecture of Constantinople (Istanbul) and Ravenna during the late 5th and early 6th centuries, with a focus on Justinian’s empire. While at Harvard her research project concentrates on the unrecognized fact that in late antiquity Constantinople was not only the Silicon Valley of its time - a remarkably innovative technological center - but also that the architectural design of Justinian’s Hagia Sophia reflects this technological interest.